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Ground 61

President's Message
Editorial Board Message
Policy: Invasives
Trees: Heritage apples
Round Table: Maintaining momentum
Mental Health Reflections: On winter and public space
Resilient Plants of Ontario: A short list of hearty heroes

Grounding: The great importance of a little bog
Letter From... Bali: A garden memorial to a landscaping legend
Notes: A miscellany of news and events
Artifact: Through the cracks


Glyn Bowerman

Photo Editor
Jasper Flores

OALA Editorial Board
Saira Abdulrehman
Greg Baskin
Chris Canning

Tracy Cook
Everett DeJong
Ryan De Jong
Mark Hillmer
Helene Iardas
Brad Keeler
Matthew Lundstrom
Sarah MacLean
Sarah Manteuffel
Shahrzad Nezefati
Nadja Pausch
Carol Pietka
Dalia Todary-Michael
Jennifer Wan

Web Editor
Jennifer Foden

Social Media Manager
Jennifer Foden

Art Direction/Design
Noël Nanton/typotherapy

Advertising Inquiries
[email protected]

Moss. Photo by Jennifer Wan.

Ground: Landscape Architect Quarterly is published four times a year by Ontario Association of Landscape Architects.
Ontario Association of Landscape Architects
3 Church Street, Suite 506
Toronto, Ontario M5E 1M2
[email protected]

Copyright © 2023 by Ontario Association of Landscape Architects.

Contributors retain copyright of their work. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0847-3080
Canada Post Sales Product Agreement No. 40026106

2022-2023 OALA Governing Council 

Steve Barnhart

Vice President
Stefan Fediuk

Cameron Smith

Justin Whalen

Past President
Jane Welsh

Matthew Campbell
Aaron Hirota
Shawn Watters

Associate Councillor—Senior
Jenny Trinh

Associate Councillor—Junior
Layal Bitar

Lay Councillor
Karen Liu

Appointed Educator University of Guelph
Nadia Amoroso

Appointed Educator University of Toronto
Elise Shelley

University of Guelph Student Representative
Allison Neuhauser

University of Toronto Student Representative
Emiley Switzer-Martell

OALA Staff

Executive Director

Aina Budrevics 


Richard Stamper

Ingrid Little 

Sherry Bagnato

Membership Services Administrator
Angie Anselmo

About Ground

Ground: Landscape Architect Quarterly is published by Ontario Association of Landscape Architects and provides an open forum for the exchange of ideas and information related to the profession of landscape architecture. Letters to the editor, article proposals, and feedback are encouraged. For submission guidelines, contact Ground at [email protected]. Ground reserves the right to edit all submissions. The views expressed in the magazine are those of the writers and not necessarily the views of OALA and its Governing Council.

Upcoming Issues of Ground
Ground 62 (Summer) Democracy

Ground 63 (Fall) Messy
Deadline for advertising space reservations: July 4, 2023

Ground 64 (Winter) Seen/Unseen
Deadline for editorial proposals: July 7, 2023
Deadline for advertising space reservations: October 16, 2023

About OALA

Ontario Association of Landscape Architects works to promote and advance the profession of landscape architecture and maintain standards of professional practice consistent with the public interest. OALA promotes public understanding of the profession and the advancement of the practice of landscape architecture. In support of the improvement and/or conservation of the natural, cultural, social and built environments, OALA undertakes activities including promotion to governments, professionals and developers of the standards and benefits of landscape architecture.

Ground Advisory Panel
Advisory Panel Message and a Call to All for Contributions

In an effort to streamline the editorial process for Ground, and after much deliberation, the Editorial Board has decided to dissolve the Advisory Panel. Ground would like to express heartfelt thanks to Panel members, past and present, for their contributions to over 50 issues of the magazine. This was a difficult decision, but one we are confident will maintain the energy and imagination necessary for future issues. What is needed most, at this time, is a robust and diverse Editorial Board and contributing writers. Anyone interested in joining is encouraged to email [email protected], Subject Line: Volunteering. You do not need to be an OALA member or landscape architect to contribute to either the Editorial Board or the magazine, and anyone who expresses interest will be seriously considered.